Domestic Violence & Intimate Partner Violence – IDVSA


domestic violence scholarly articles

This study examines the effects of child abuse and domestic violence exposure in childhood on adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Data for this analysis are from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, a prospective study of youth addressing outcomes of Cited by: Jan 14,  · Domestic violence sufferers are at higher risk of facing discrimination in securing any form of insurance, including health, life, disability, and property insurances. Victims of domestic violence are more likely to experience trouble raising their children and suffer family disruption, as well. May 15,  · Problem Statement. Domestic violence is the most common form of violence against women. It affects women across the life span from sex selective abortion of female fetuses to forced suicide and abuse, and is evident, to some degree, in every society in the by:

Addressing Domestic Violence Against Women: An Unfinished Agenda

This study examines the effects of child abuse and domestic violence exposure in childhood on adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Data for this analysis are from the Domestic violence scholarly articles Longitudinal Study, a prospective study of youth addressing outcomes of family violence and resilience in individuals and families. Results show that child abuse, domestic violence, and both in combination i. When accounting for risk factors associated with additional stressors in the family and surrounding environment, only those children with dual exposure had an elevated risk of the tested outcomes compared to non-exposed youth.

However, while there were some observable differences in the prediction of outcomes for children with dual exposure compared to those with single exposure i. Analyses showed that the effects of exposure for boys and girls are statistically comparable. Every year an estimated 3. Herrenkohl, Sousa, Tajima, R. Studies investigating dual exposure have produced mixed results, domestic violence scholarly articles, suggesting the need for further investigation, domestic violence scholarly articles.

For example, some studies have found that children doubly exposed to abuse and domestic violence have worse outcomes than others Hughes et al. This investigation aims to strengthen research on the unique and combined effects of exposure to child abuse and domestic violence on psychosocial outcomes in adolescence. The study also seeks to domestic violence scholarly articles whether gender interacts with abuse and domestic violence exposure in the prediction of youth outcomes.

Numerous studies have demonstrated that experiencing child abuse can lead to a range of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Teens who were abused as children are also more likely to exhibit externalizing behavior problems, such as delinquency and violence perpetration Fergusson et al.

In a recent meta-analysis of studies that examined the relationship between domestic violence exposure in childhood and adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors, Evans, Davies, and DiLillo found significant mean-weighted effect sizes of. Several studies have investigated the dual exposure hypothesis. Hughes found that children who were direct victims of abuse and exposed to domestic violence had higher externalizing and internalizing scores than did those who only witnessed domestic violence DV.

However, Sternberg et al. Theirs was a study of children, 8 to 12 years of age. Analyses compared children who: a were direct victims of child abuse only; b had been exposed to domestic violence only; and c were victims of both abuse and domestic violence exposure, domestic violence scholarly articles.

The study also included a no-violence comparison group. Results showed that children in the no-violence comparison group reported lower levels of depression and internalizing and externalizing behaviors than those in any of the three violence exposure groups. However, those who were doubly exposed to child abuse and domestic violence were no more likely than the children in the abuse-only or DV-only groups to experience these outcomes. Sternberg, Baradaran, Abbot, Lamb, and Guterman conducted what they describe as a mega-analysis in which they pooled raw data on age, gender, behavior problems, and violence exposure from 15 studies, domestic violence scholarly articles, resulting in a dataset of 1, subjects ages 4 to 14 years.

They used regression analyses to investigate unique and combined effects of child abuse and domestic violence on externalizing and internalizing behaviors, measured by the Child Behavior Domestic violence scholarly articles List Achenbach, a.

The authors found that the children who were dually exposed to child abuse and domestic violence were consistently at higher risk for internalizing problems than child abuse victims, domestic violence witnesses, and those who had not been exposed. Children ages 4 and 9 years of age who were doubly exposed to abuse and domestic violence also were at higher risk for externalizing behavior, although this dual exposure effect did not hold for children who were 10 to 14 years of age.

Although these studies provide some evidence of an additive effect on outcomes of abuse and domestic violence exposure, patterns in the data are not uniform and there is a need for longitudinal analyses that extend into later adolescence. Analyses need also to account for other co-existing risk factors. Support is mixed with respect to gender domestic violence scholarly articles in effects of witnessing domestic violence, being the direct victim of abuse, or both.

Kitzmann, Gaylord, Holt, and Kenny conducted a meta-analysis using studies of psychosocial outcomes related to domestic violence exposure. The authors found comparable effect sizes for boys and girls, and no evidence of gender-by-outcome interactions. Wolfe et al. However, other studies have found that gender moderates the effects of violence exposure. For example, Evans et al.

Another study, domestic violence scholarly articles, however, found that girls exposed to domestic violence were at higher risk than boys for both externalizing and internalizing behaviors, including depression Sternberg et al. Heyman and Slep investigated both fathers and mothers and found an association between childhood exposure to violence and later abuse of their children. For mothers, domestic violence scholarly articles, only exposure to multiple forms of violence during childhood was associated with an increased risk of abuse toward their children.

Given the mixed and sometimes contrasting findings on gender differences in exposure effects, there is a need for more well-designed studies on the issue Herrenkohl et al. We examine gender as a potential moderator in the current study. In summary, the current study examines several outcomes in adolescence with known links to child adversity -- a range of internalizing and externalizing behaviors, depression, and delinquency. Finally, we explore the role of gender as a possible moderator of childhood exposure on later outcomes in adolescence.

The gender-balanced sample and longitudinal design of the current study allow tests of developmental relationships that are not possible in studies with cross-sectional data or in studies with only one domestic violence scholarly articles. Data are from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, a prospective study of children and families begun in the s to examine developmental consequences of child maltreatment.

Participants were recruited from several settings in a two-county area of Pennsylvania: child welfare abuse and protective service programs, Head Start classrooms, day care programs, and private middle income nursery school programs. Three waves of data were collected at key developmental points for children preschool, school age, and adolescenceand a fourth adult wave of the study is now underway.

An initial assessment of children and their families was completed inwhen children were of preschool age, domestic violence scholarly articles. The second wave of data collection occurred between andwhen the children were between 8 and 11 years of age, domestic violence scholarly articles. The third assessment was completed inwhen the children ranged from age 14 to 23 average age: 18 years.

The full longitudinal sample includes children from families: children from child welfare abuse programs, domestic violence scholarly articles child welfare protective service programs, 70 from Head Start, 64 from day care programs, and 74 from nursery school programs.

The present analyses are conducted using data from the individuals assessed across all three waves of data collection. The racial breakdown of the full sample is: The ethnic composition is: 7. These percentages were consistent with the makeup of the two-county area at the time the original sample was drawn. Eighty-six percent of children were, at the time of initial assessment, from two-parent households. Of the participants assessed in adolescence, By the time of the adolescent assessment, four participants had died: two children in the child welfare abuse group, one in the child welfare neglect group, and one child in the middle-income group.

The percentage lost to attrition varied somewhat across groups: child welfare abuse Further tests for comparability between attriters and non-attriters found no differences on other key variables, including domestic violence scholarly articles SES, physically abusive discipline, and exposure to domestic violence.

Data for the preschool and school-age assessments are from interviews with parents. Data for the adolescent assessment are from face-to-face interviews and individually administered questionnaires with parents and youth.

The adolescent youth survey provides information on parenting practices, youth behavior, youth psychological functioning, and youth school experiences. All phases of the study were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board at Lehigh University.

Consent and assent for children and adolescents was obtained from study participants during all waves of data collection. Severe physical disciplining was assessed with self-reports from mothers and adolescents and includes: biting a child; slapping so as to bruise a child; hitting a child with a stick, paddle or other hard object; or hitting a child with a strap, rope, or belt. Those who were disciplined with two or more severe physical discipline practices were considered to have been maltreated.

A threshold of two or more incidents was set to eliminate isolated cases of severe physical discipline from an otherwise non-abusive parent. Individuals for whom there was agreement in the prospective parent report and retrospective adolescent report were added to those identified by official records as abuse victims.

This procedure allows us to take advantage of the multiple sources of data available in the study. By requiring evidence of abuse on both the prospective and retrospective self-report measures before identifying a child as a victim of abuse, we lessen the potential measurement bias that can be introduced by using a single data source Herrenkohl et al.

In addition, requiring cross-informant agreement increases the likelihood that violence exposure did occur, domestic violence scholarly articles.

Although this may underestimate the number of exposed children by excluding cases for which abuse or DV exposure was identified by only one source, we can be more certain that those who are included are not falsely classified. The dichotomous domestic violence exposure variable used here includes three types of moderately severe domestic violence behaviors by either parent: physical violence hitting, punching, domestic violence scholarly articles, kickingthreats to do physical harm, and breaking things.

Again, to take advantage of various data sources and to limit potential measurement error, domestic violence scholarly articles, we required agreement between prospective parent and retrospective adolescent self-reports. In cases where parental reports and adolescent reports differed in their responses about whether domestic violence behaviors had occurred, the case was coded conservatively i.

Domestic violence scholarly articles assess adolescent psychosocial functioning and behavior, we used items from the Achenbach Youth Self Report YSR Achenbach, b completed by youth participants in the adolescent wave of the study. Subscales of the internalizing and externalizing composite scales were scored and used in the reported analyses. The second is a general measure of delinquency. This scale was originally developed for the National Youth Survey and is widely used in studies of youth behavior and development Elliott, These final two outcomes were added to analyses so as not to rely exclusively on variables derived from a single standardized domestic violence scholarly articles and to allow cross-validation of results on two key constructs of interest: depression and delinquency.

Race and age of youth were also included in the risk scale to capture demographics known to be associated with higher scores on our outcome constructs: Parent personal problems included responses to survey items about current stressors in the family, as reported by parents at the time.

As domestic violence scholarly articles preliminary step in the analysis, parent personal problems, domestic violence scholarly articles, external constraints, race, and age were entered simultaneously into a logistic regression model with any violence exposure including domestic violence, child abuse, or both exposures as the outcome.

All four of these variables were found to be significantly predictive of violence exposure. The scores of the regression model then were used to calculate a total predicted probability value for each participant. Using this predicted risk composite score technique for regression adjustment allowed us to control parsimoniously for other variables related to child abuse and domestic violence Bauer et al.

The mean of this predicted risk composite was 0. The violence exposure groups were entered as a set of dummy variables with gender entered simultaneously as a covariate.

Models were run first without the risk composite, and then again with that measure added to determine whether relationships between violence exposure and the outcomes persisted after accounting for other known risk factors domestic violence scholarly articles the outcomes in question. Models were also run to test whether gender moderated the effect of violence exposure on the outcomes by adding interaction terms for gender and the violence exposure variables.

None of the gender interaction terms were statistically significant, indicating that the models should be estimated, and assumed to be comparable, for boys and girls together. However, to account for possible gender differences in levels of domestic violence scholarly articles predictors and outcomes, gender was added as a free-standing covariate in the analyses. Table I shows the distribution of cases across the violence exposure groups none, child abuse only, domestic violence only, domestic violence scholarly articles, and dual exposure as well as the gender distribution of cases within the groups.

Table II shows the means and standard deviations for each of the outcome variables for the full analyses sample, and for males and females separately. Mean and standard deviation of outcomes for the violence exposure groups and both genders. As a first step, regression models were conducted to test whether violence exposure, represented by the three exposure groups, predicted the internalizing and externalizing outcome variables after accounting for gender, domestic violence scholarly articles.

In these models, non-exposed youth served as the reference category to which those in the abuse, domestic violence, and dual exposure groups were compared Table III. Coefficients for gender in the models with the internalizing variables show that being female increases the risk for internalizing symptoms. For externalizing behaviors, the opposite appears true: males are at higher risk; although, for adolescent aggression, no gender effect was shown, domestic violence scholarly articles.

Results of Table III also show that each of the violence exposure groups compared to those not exposed is predictive of at least some of the outcomes after accounting for child gender.


Bitter Scholarly Controversy about Domestic Violence | Communicating with Prisoners


domestic violence scholarly articles


Select domestic violence programs based on location, service and language needs. Find hour hotlines in your area, service listings, and helpful articles on domestic violence statistics, signs and cycles of abuse, housing services, emergency services, legal and financial services, support groups for women, children and families, and escpalantesa.gar: Preston V. Mcmurry Jr. The holistic framework views domestic violence as a complex and multifaceted interpersonal problem. The gender-stereotyping framework has overwhelmingly dominated domestic-violence research and policy. The scholarly field of domestic violence research is largely a horrifying, repulsive spectacle of irrationality, gender animus, and symbolic. Jan 14,  · Domestic violence sufferers are at higher risk of facing discrimination in securing any form of insurance, including health, life, disability, and property insurances. Victims of domestic violence are more likely to experience trouble raising their children and suffer family disruption, as well.